Local Rules for

To be read in conjunction with the Rules of Golf and any Supplementary Local Rules published for the day.

Effective from 1 January 2017.


  • Those areas beyond the boundary stakes and fences of the course;
  • Those areas delineated by lines of white pegs and/or white lines surrounding the clubhouse, car park, buggy sheds and their surrounds and the machinery sheds and their surrounds.

Commentary - Out of Bounds


R&A Rules Limited recommends that stakes and lines defining the boundaries of Out-of-Bounds should be white.

Where a boundary fence exists, in the absence of stakes or lines, the fence defines the boundary. Note that the boundary of the section of the “out-of-bounds” behind the 18th green is marked by a line painted on the ground.

(Rule 24)

  • Tee markers, course signs, hazard stakes, GUR markers/stakes, pegs and ropes directing players and pine post distance markers (one or two rings) are immovable obstructions;
  • Portions and sides of roads/pathways having a prepared “crusher-dust”, crushed rock or stone gravel surface are deemed immovable obstructions;
  • Bridges and their approaches (ramps) not within a hazard are immovable obstructions.

Commentary - Immovable Obstructions


Immovable Obstructions are defined in the Rules of Golf, however the Rules permit the Club to deem Movable Obstructions to be Immovable eg to prevent the possible loss of indication of the boundary of a water hazard if a player omits to replace a stake.


The specimen Local Rule entitled “4a. Obstructions: Immovable Obstructions Close to Putting Green (eg Sprinkler Heads)” described in Part A: Local Rules of Appendix I of the Rules of Golf is in effect as a Local Rule for this course.

Commentary - Immovable Obstructions Close to Putting Green


Rule 24-2 provides relief without penalty from interference by an immovable obstruction, but if the ball is not on the putting green, generally only if the obstruction interferes with the stance/area of swing but not for interference in the line of play.

The Club considers that the normal preparation of the surrounds of the greens provides an option for players to putt a ball from off the green, and in this situation, an immovable obstruction close to the green can restrict that option.

The Club has decided to adopt the recommended specimen Local Rule which provides relief without penalty for a ball lying through the green if an immovable obstruction (eg a sprinkler head) lying within 2 club lengths of the putting green and within 2 club lengths of the ball intervenes on the line of play between the ball and the hole. Relief may be taken as follows:

The ball must be lifted and dropped at the nearest point to where the ball lay that (a) is not nearer the hole, (b) avoids such intervention and (c) is not in a hazard or on the putting green. The ball may be cleaned when lifted.

For the complete wording of the Local Rule in effect on this course, including application of the rule and penalty for breach of the rule, refer to the Rules of Golf Appendix I Part A – Local Rules 4a. Immovable Obstructions Close to Putting Green (eg Sprinkle Heads) (page 146).


  • Those areas within the course defined by white lines and/or small stakes painted light blue;
  • Defined garden beds with a formed border – play prohibited;
  • The concrete base and/or the rocks in the overflow drains across and adjacent to the fairways for holes 1, 2, 3, 10 and 18.

Commentary - Ground Under Repair


Stakes and Lines: The colour protocol for defining areas of GUR in (a) above aligns with the international standard and the recommendations of The R&A and the USGA. Red, yellow or white stakes must not be used.

“Defined garden beds with a formed border” are garden areas containing plants, shrubs or trees and having brick, stone, timber logs, sawn timber or posts fully or substantially surrounding the garden bed area. A built-up mound of soil, mulch, wood-chip or similar around a single tree or shrub or a single clump of trees or shrubs is NOT by itself a defined garden bed. Play is prohibited from these areas and relief must be taken in accordance with Rule 25.

Overflow Drains: Following a suggestion, the Club researched the possibility of classifying these drains as drainage ditches for the removal of casual water. Subsequent research provided the following USGA Decision:-

24-2/b Marking of On-Course Drainage Ditches That Carry Water From One Part of the Course to Another

Q. The USGA, in some circumstances, considers artificially surfaced drainage ditches that carry water from one part of the course to another part of the course to be obstructions and not water hazards. This seems contrary to the Definition of a water hazard but, in light of this thinking, should we leave artificially lined ditches designed for this purpose unmarked and play them as obstructions?

A. Yes. The Committee, in its judgment, should determine in each case whether a shallow, artificially lined ditch on the course was put there for the specific purpose of draining a problem area where casual water would otherwise collect and unduly interfere with the play of the game. Where that is the case, the ditch should remain unmarked and should be played as an obstruction.

If, on the other hand, the Committee determines that such a ditch was intended as an architectural feature to affect the play and/or the difficulty of the hole, it should be marked and played as a water hazard – see Rules 24 and 26.

Consultation with Barry Rhodes, a recognized expert on the Rules of Golf and certificated by the R&A, confirmed that it was appropriate to refer to these drains as ditches to transfer water from one part of the golf course to another  (i.e. water overflow from one water hazard to another). A copy of the interpretation can be downloaded from: http://www.coloradogolf.org/content/general_content/2015RAGInterpretations.pdf

On referring the matter and interpretation to GolfNQ, the Club was directed to Matt Field of Golf Queensland for their confirmation of this definition of the rule. The advice from Matt Field was that it would be legitimate for the Club to make a Local Rule to refer to these ditches as Casual Water drainage ditches, following the lines of the interpretations previously obtained. Golf Queensland also suggested, “as most golfers generally tend to understand what GUR means and the implications for relief more than they do obstructions, a Committee would be permitted to class them as GUR in the Local Rules if they so wished”.

Clearly defined tractor tyre marks and ruts made by machinery: Under normal circumstances, no free relief may be taken for tyre marks or wheel ruts made by greenkeeper’s machinery. If situations arise during adverse weather, the Match Committee may invoke a temporary local rule allowing relief from specific instances on the course.

Barry Rhodes (copyright to Barry Rhodes ©2011/12/16 at http://www.barryrhodes.com/) advised that this is what the R&A has to say on the subject:

“One of the main features of golf is that it tests the player’s ability to execute a wide assortment of strokes under a variety of different conditions. The skill factor in golf would be greatly reduced if players could eliminate difficult conditions, without incurring any penalty, rather than have to overcome them through execution of a particular stroke. It is therefore, a traditional golfing maxim that you should play the ball as it lies and the course as you find it. This is encapsulated in Rule 13-1 which provides, “the ball must be played as it lies, except as otherwise provided in the Rules”.


  • All water hazards on the course are marked and defined by red stakes and/or red lines and are deemed to be Lateral Water Hazards;
  • BALL PLAYED PROVISIONALLY UNDER RULE 26.1 – doubt whether a ball is in or is lost in a water hazard – the specimen Local Rule “5. Water Hazards – Playing Ball Provisionally Under Rule 26.1” as described in Appendix I Part A of the rules of Golf is in effect, provided that, if the original ball is not found, it is known or virtually certain that it is in the water hazard.

Commentary - Water Hazards


R&A Rules Limited requires that stakes and lines defining the boundaries of Lateral Water Hazards must be red. The Club has decided that all water hazards on the course are deemed to be Lateral Water Hazards and, to remove doubt, only those areas defined by red stakes and/or red lines are classed as Water Hazards.

Ball Played Provisionally under Rule 26.1: The Club has decided that sufficient reason exists, in accordance with the Rules, to introduce a Local Rule permitting the play of a ball provisionally under Rule 26-1. The wording of the applicable specimen Local Rule is adopted – viz:

“If there is doubt whether a ball is in or is lost in a water hazard, the player may play another ball provisionally under any of the applicable options in Rule 26-1. If the original ball is found outside the water hazard, the player must continue to play with it. If the original ball is found in the water hazard, the player may either play the original ball as it lies or continue with the ball played provisionally under Rule 26-1.  If the original is not found or identified within the five-minute search period, the player must continue with the ball played provisionally.”


Should a player’s ball strike any overhead power/telephone wires and/or their supports, pylons or attachments, the stroke is cancelled and the player must play a ball without penalty as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played (see Rule 20-5). If the ball is not immediately recoverable, another ball may be substituted.

Commentary - Overhead Wires


Overhead Wires (Decision 33-8/13) – When overhead wires or cables interfere with the proper playing of the game, an equitable solution is to require the stroke to be replayed, without penalty, if the ball strikes the obstruction. The player must not be permitted to choose between replaying the stroke or playing the ball as it lies.


Stones in bunkers are movable obstructions (Rule 24-1 applies).

Commentary - Stones in Bunkers


By definition, stones in bunkers are loose impediments and therefore when a player’s ball is in a hazard, a stone lying in or touching the hazard must not be touched or moved. However, stones in bunkers may represent danger to players (a player could be injured by a stone struck by a player’s club in an attempt to play the ball). Stones in bunkers at some courses may also interfere with the proper playing of the game.


Staked/protected trees and staked/protected shrubs are immovable obstructions.  The immovable obstruction includes the shrub/tree, AND the stakes, AND any artificial protective guard.   If the immovable obstruction interferes with the player’s stance or the area of his intended swing, the ball MUST be lifted, without penalty, and dropped in accordance with the procedure prescribed in Rule 24‑2b (Immovable Obstruction).  A wood-chipped or other constructed basin surrounding a tree or shrub that is either staked and/or protected by a tree guard is considered to be a part of the immovable obstruction.

The ball may be cleaned when lifted under this Local Rule.

Commentary - Staked Trees


Clubs are permitted to make a local rule if it is desired to protect small trees. The wording of the Local Rule adopted is recommended by Golf Australia to make it clear what is covered by the “Staked Tree” Local Rule.


For all play on this course, unless otherwise prohibited by competition conditions, a player may obtain distance information by use of a distance-measuring device.  If during a stipulated round, a player uses a distance-measuring device to gauge or measure other conditions that might affect his play (eg elevation changes, wind speed, etc), the player is in breach of Rule 14-3.

Commentary - Distance Measuring Devices


Rule 14-3 does not permit the use of any artificial device or unusual equipment for the purpose of gauging or measuring distance. However, a Local Rule may allow the use of a distance-measuring device during a round of golf, to measure distance and distance alone. For distance measuring devices to be permitted during a competition, the Committee must put a Local Rule in place allowing their use.

The local rule on distance-measuring devices provides that there is no penalty if a player uses a device with a non-conforming feature but does not actually use the non-conforming feature itself. Examples of nonconforming features include applications that measure or provide advice on: elevation changes or slope, wind speed, club selection, green reading, and effective distance between two points based on elevation changes or other conditions that affect shot distance.

of a BALL on a

Rules 18-2, 18-3 and 20-1 are modified as follows:

When a player’s ball lies on the putting green, there is no penalty if the ball or ball-marker is accidentally moved by the player, his partner, his opponent, or any of their caddies or equipment.

The moved ball or ball-marker must be replaced as provided in Rules 18-2, 18-3 and 20-1.

This Local Rule applies only when the player’s ball or ball-marker lies on the putting green and any movement is accidental.

Note: If it is determined that a player’s ball on the putting green was moved as a result of wind, water or some other natural cause such as the effects of gravity, the ball must be played as it lies from its new location. A ball-marker moved in such circumstances is replaced.

Commentary - Accidental Movement of a Ball on a Putting Green


Rule 18-2 provides for a one-stroke penalty if a player causes his ball in play to move, unless certain exceptions apply. Decision 18-2/0.5 explains that when it is uncertain what caused a ball to move, all relevant information must be considered and the weight of the evidence must be evaluated. If it is more likely than not that the player caused the ball to move, the player incurs a one-stroke penalty under Rule 18-2 and the ball must be replaced. Otherwise, the player incurs no penalty and the ball must be played as it lies unless some other Rule applies (e.g. Rule 18-1).

Starting 1 January 2017, the R&A has approved that a Committee may adopt a Local Rule that modifies Rule 18-2 by providing that there is no penalty if a player accidentally causes his ball on the putting green to move. For consistency, this Local Rule also modifies Rule 18-3 to eliminate the similar penalty in match play when an opponent accidentally causes the player’s ball on the putting green to move.

As a related issue, this Local Rule also modifies Rule 20-1 by providing that there is no penalty if a player or his opponent accidentally causes the player’s ball-marker on the putting green to move.

If the player did not cause the ball to move, the ball is played as it lies unless some other Rule applies (e.g. Rule 18-1). If the ball was moved as a result of wind, water or some other natural cause (including gravity), the ball must be played as it lies from its new location without penalty.

If the player did cause the ball to move, and the movement was accidental, the player incurs no penalty and must replace the ball. If the movement was not accidental, Rule 18-2 applies, and the player must replace the ball under penalty of one stroke.

Accidental movement can involve a variety of actions in which the player unintentionally moves his ball or ball-marker. Examples include: dropping the ball-marker on the ball, accidentally making contact with the ball when taking a practice swing near the ball, accidentally making contact when addressing the ball, etc.

The Local Rule does NOT apply to any intentional lifting or moving of the ball. Examples include striking or moving the ball in anger, lifting the ball without marking it, etc.


100 metre and 150 metre ground markers and pine posts distance markers (one ring – 150 metres, 2 rings – 100 metres) are to the green centre.

Commentary - Distance Markers


For player information only – not a Local Rule as such.


Practice on any day of competition or between rounds is permitted on these designated practice areas on the course:

  • the driving range area between the 3rd and 4th fairways within the line of trees surrounding the area;
  • the chipping range between the line of trees bounding the 7th fairway and the out-of-bounds line adjacent to the practice putting green and car park.

Commentary - Practice Grounds Defined


In Rule 7, the Rules of Golf impose restrictions on practice on the Course before, during and between rounds. Where the Club wishes to allow practice on certain areas which are part of the Course, Rule 33 requires the Club to designate these “Practice Areas”.

On this course, this includes the chipping area and the Driving Practice Area.  The practice putting green is not within the area of the course (OOB), and so is automatically available for practice under the rules.

Click Here… to download a pdf file version of the Local Rules which you can print.